The Salamanca Statement of Inclusion and Framework for Action was a Statement drawn up in 1994 by ninety-three world government representatives in Salamanca, Spain. It relates to the education of children with disabilities, their rights and entitlements and how these can be best achieved. It highlights that all children should have the right to learn together, regardless of disabilities. This Statement called for inclusion within education to be the norm and that all children should be able to attend all schools regardless of physical, intellectual social or emotional difficulties they may have. Thus a child should be enabled to attend their local school (the school which they would have attended if their disability was not a factor). The representatives then drew up a Framework for Action.
This framework outlined ways in which children with disabilities would have improved access to the rights of equality and inclusion within the education system. The Framework outlines guidelines which best promote inclusion for all. It outlines recommended action at regional, national and international levels. It also outlines issues that of importance such as staff training, school factors and priority areas.
A welcoming school is one where people feel accepted and have a feeling of belonging and community. A welcoming school promotes three important rights for children. Firstly it promotes the right to an appropriate education. All children should be entitled to this regardless of individual factors or considerations, for example their academic potential or religious background etc. Secondly all children should have the right to equality of opportunity regardless of their social background and home life or learning disabilities. Thirdly all children attending school should be entitled to the right to participate in society. Children need to feel empowered and feel their say in a matter is welcomed and of value.
A welcoming school aims to ensure that all children feel a sense of acceptance, belonging and community regardless of individual factors which may be of significance in their lives, factors which would hinder their opportunities to obtaining an appropriate education and accessing these rights. A welcoming school tries to promote these three human rights through its environmental structure, its staff, ethos and positive actions.